The Polyphagous Shothole Borer (PSHB) outbreak in South Africa is the largest geographical outbreak of this beetle in the world. It is affecting trees in all sectors: the agricultural and commercial forestry sector, urban trees (public spaces, streets, gardens), as well as native trees in natural forests. Over the past few years, researchers at FABI had been in contact with senior academics from seven universities in relation to PSHB research. From these engagements a multi-institutional and multi-disciplinary research network evolved. At present we are aware of 16 research projects on PSHB conducted by Honours, Masters and PhD students, research fellows and postdoctoral fellows, that are overseen by altogether 17 supervisors from the different universities.

The PSHB Research Network was established at a meeting of these researchers in May 2019 at FABI. The aims and strategies of the PSHB Research Network are as follows:

  1. To align and coordinate all research efforts by bona fide researchers from academic institutions in South Africa. This is to make sure that expertise and resources are utilized to the maximum in order to answer the most important research questions related to PSHB and its fungal symbionts.
  2. To provide science- and data-based advice to all stakeholders in government and private sectors.
  3. To effectively communicate new research findings related to PHSB among network members and to stakeholders and the public.
  4. To leverage funding. By showing that research projects form part of a well-structured, coherent research programme, more funding opportunities should become available.

 

New Publications

Lynn KMT, Wingfield MJ, Durán A, Oliveira LSS, de Beer ZW, Barnes I. (2021) Novel Fusarium mutualists of two Euwallacea species infesting Acacia crassicarpa in Indonesia. Mycologia 10.1080/00275514.2021.1875708 PDF
Sinotte VM, Conlon BH, Seibel E, Schwitalla JW, de Beer ZW, Poulsen M, Bos N. (2021) Female-biased sex allocation and lack of inbreeding avoidance in Cubitermes termites. Ecology and Evolution 10.1002/ece3.7462
Nel WJ, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW, Duong TA. (2021) Ophiostomatalean fungi associated with wood boring beetles in South Africa including two new species. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 10.1007/s10482-021-01548-0
De Wit MP, Crookes DJ, Blignaut JN, de Beer ZW, Paap T, Roets F, Van der Merwe C, Richardson DM. (2021) Invasion of the Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer Beetle in South Africa: A preliminary assessment of the economic impacts. Biological Invasions PREPRINT 10.21203/rs.3.rs-220132/v1
Murphy R, Benndorf R, de Beer ZW, Vollmers J, Kaster AK, Beemelmanns C, Poulsen M. (2021) Comparative Genomics Reveals Prophylactic and Catabolic Capabilities of Actinobacteria within the Fungus-Farming Termite Symbiosis. bioRxiv 10.1101/2021.01.13.426627
Schalk F, Gostinčar C, Kreuzenbeck NB, Conlon BH, Sommerwerk E, Rabe P, Burkhardt I, Krüger T, Kniemeyer O, Brakhage AA, Gunde-Cimerman N, de Beer ZW, Dickschat JS, Poulsen M, Beemelmanns C. (2021) The termite fungal cultivar Termitomyces combines diverse enzymes and oxidative reactions for plant biomass conversion. mBio :2021.01.13.4266. 10.1101/2021.01.13.426627
Paap T, Wingfield MJ, de Beer ZW, Roets F. (2020) Lessons from a major pest invasion: The polyphagous shot hole borer in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 116(11/12) 10.17159/sajs.2020/8757
Geiser DM, Al-Hatmi A, Aoki T, Arie T, Balmas V, Barnes I, Bergstrom GC, Bhattacharyya MKK, Blomquist CL, Bowden R, Brankovics B, Brown DW, Burgess LW, Bushley K, Busman M, Cano-Lira JF, Carrillo JD, Chang HX, Chen CY, Chen W, Chilvers MI, Chulze SN, Coleman JJ, Cuomo CA, de Beer ZW, de Hoog GS, Del Castillo-Múnera J, Del Ponte E, Diéguez-Uribeondo J, Di Pietro A, Edel-Hermann V, Elmer WH, Epstein L, Eskalen A, Esposto MC, Everts KL, Fernández-Pavía SP, da Silva GF, Foroud NA, Fourie G, Frandsen RJN, Freeman S, Freitag M, Frenkel O, Fuller KK, Gagkaeva T, Gardiner DM, Glenn AE, Gold S, Gordon T, Gregory NF, Gryzenhout M, Guarro J, Gugino B, Gutiérrez S, Hammond-Kosack K, Harris LJ, Homa M, Hong CF, Hornok L, Huang JW, Ilkit M, Jacobs A, Jacobs K, Jiang C, Jimenez-Gasco MDM, Kang S, Kasson MT, Kazan K, Kennell JC, Kim H, Kistler HC, Kuldau GA, Kulik T, Kurzai O, Laraba I, Laurence MH, Lee TY, Lee YW, Lee YH, Leslie JF, Liew ECY, Lofton LW, Logrieco A, Sánchez López-Berges M, Luque AG, Lysøe E, Ma LJ, Marra RE, Martin FN, May SR, McCormick S, McGee CT, Meis JF, Migheli Q, Mohamed Nor NMI, Monod M, Moretti A, Mostert D, Mulé G, Munaut F, Munkvold GP, Nicholson P, Nucci M, O'Donnell K, Pasquali M, Pfenning LH, Prigitano A, Proctor R, Ranque S, Rehner S, Rep M, Rodríguez-Alvarado G, Rose LJ, Roth MG, Ruiz-Roldán C, Saleh AA, Salleh B, Sang H, Scandiani M, Scauflaire J, Schmale D 3, Short DP, Šišić A, Smith J, Smyth CW, Son H, Spahr E, Stajich JE, Steenkamp E, Steinberg C, Subramaniam R, Suga H, Summerell BA, Susca A, Swett CL, Toomajian C, Torres-Cruz TJ, Tortorano AM, Urban M, Vaillancourt LJ, Vallad GE, van der Lee T, Vanderpool D, van Diepeningen AD, Vaughan M, Venter E, Vermeulen M, Verweij PE, Viljoen A, Waalwijk C, Wallace EC, Walther G, Wang J, Ward T, Wickes B, Wiederhold NP, Wingfield MJ, Wood AKM, Xu JR, Yang XB, Yli-Matilla T, Yun SH, Zakaria L, Zhang H, Zhang N, Zhang S, Zhang X. (2020) Phylogenomic analysis of a 55.1 kb 19-gene dataset resolves a monophyletic Fusarium that includes the Fusarium solani Species Complex. Phytopathology 10.1094/PHYTO-08-20-0330-LE
Twiddy D, de Beer ZW, Fourie G. (2020) The PSHB and its potential impact on the South African macadamia Industry. SAMAC Journal PDF
Twiddy D, Fell S, de Beer ZW, Fourie G. (2020) Screening for susceptibility of Macadamia to E. fornicatus and its fungal symbiont Fusarium euwallaceae. Plant Disease 10.1094/PDIS-07-20-1555-SC
Rak Lee S, Beemelmanns C, Jung W, Ahn M, Park M, De Beer ZW, Kaster A, Vollmers J, Benndorf R, Schwitalla J, Schalk F, Kim KH. (2020) Polyhalogenation of Isoflavonoids by the Termite-Associated Actinomadura sp. RB99. Journal of Natural Products 83(10):3102-3110. 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.0c00676
Schwitalla JW, Benndorf R, Martin K, Vollmers J, Kaster AK, De Beer ZW, Poulsen M, Beemelmanns C. (2020) Streptomyces smaragdinus sp. nov., isolated from the gut of the fungus growing-termite Macrotermes natalensis. IJSEM 70:5806–5811. 10.1099/ijsem.0.004478
Nel WJ, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Duong TA. (2020) The granulate ambrosia beetle, Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), and its fungal symbiont found in South Africa. Zootaxa 4838(3):427-435. 10.11646/zootaxa.4838.3.7
Benndorf R, Martin K, Küfner M, De Beer ZW, Vollmers J, Kaster AK, Beemelmanns C. (2020) Actinomadura rubteroloni sp. nov. and Actinomadura macrotermitis sp. nov., isolated from the gut of fungus growing-termite Macrotermes natalensis. IJSEM 70(10):5255–5262. 10.1099/ijsem.0.004403
Benndorf R, Schwitalla JW, Martin K, De Beer ZW, Vollmers J, Kaster AK, Poulsen M, Beemelmanns C. (2020) Nocardia macrotermitis sp. nov. and Nocardia aurantia sp. nov., isolated from the gut of the fungus-growing termite Macrotermes natalensis. IJSEM 10.1099/ijsem.0.004398
Chang R, Duong TA, Taerum SJ, Wingfield MJ, Zhou XD, De Beer ZW. (2020) Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with mites phoretic on bark beetles in Qinghai, China. IMA Fungus :15. 10.1186/s43008-020-00037-9
Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Stephen SJ, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2020) Fungal associates of an invasive pine-infesting bark beetle, Dendroctonus valens including seven new Ophiostomatalean fungi. Persoonia 45:177-195. 10.3767/persoonia.2020.45.07 PDF
Marincowitz S, Barnes I, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2020) Epitypification of Ceratocystis fimbriata. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 10.3114/fuse.2020.06.14
Hulcr J, Barnes I, De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Gazis R, Johnson AJ, Jusino MA, Kasson MT, Li Y, Lynch S, Mayers C, Musvuugwa T, Roets F, Seltmann KC, Six D, Vanderpool D, Villari C. (2020) Bark beetle mycobiome: collaboratively defined research priorities on a widespread insect-fungus symbiosis. Symbiosis 10.1007/s13199-020-00686-9 PDF
Schalk F, Um S, Guo H, Kreuzenbeck NB, Görls H, De Beer ZW, Beemelmanns C. (2020) Targeted discovery of tetrapeptides and cyclic polyketide-peptide hybrids from a fungal antagonist of farming termites. ChemBioChem 10.1002/cbic.202000331
Guo H, Schwitalla JW, Benndorf R, Baunach M, Steinbeck C, Görls H, De Beer ZW, Regestein L, Beemelmanns C. (2020) Gene cluster activation in a bacterial symbiont leads to halogenated angucyclic maduralactomycins and spirocyclic actinospirols. Organic Letters 22(7):2634-2638. 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c00601
Fell S, De Beer ZW. (2020) Understanding the threat of the Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer to the pecan industry. SA Pekan 85:34-36. http://bit.ly/2V8tcYa PDF
Lynn KMT, Wingfield MJ, Durán A, Marincowitz S, Oliveira LSS , De Beer Z, Barnes I. (2020) Euwallacea perbrevis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), a confirmed pest on Acacia crassicarpa in Riau, Indonesia, and a new fungal symbiont; Fusarium rekanum sp. nov.. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 113(6):803-823. 10.1007/s10482-020-01392-8 PDF
Musvuugwa T, De Beer ZW, Dreyer LL, Duong T, Marincowitz S, Oberlander KC, Roets F. (2020) New ophiostomatoid fungi from wounds on storm-damaged trees in Afromontane forests of the Cape Floristic Region. Mycological Progress 19(1):81-95. 10.1007/s11557-019-01545-8
Yin ML, Wingfield MJ, Zhou XD, de Beer ZW. (2020) Phylogenetic re-evaluation of the Grosmania penicillata complex (Ascomycota, Ophiostomatales), with the description of five new species from China and USA. Fungal Biology 124(2):110-124. 10.1016/j.funbio.2019.12.003
Liu FF, de Beer ZW, Divakar PK, Crespo A, Pizarro D, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD, Kanzi AM, Sayari M, Chang RL, Ferreira MA, Chen SF, Duong TA. (2019) DRaft genome sequences of five Calonectria species from Eucalyptus plantations in China, Celoiporthe dispersa, Sporothrix phasma and Alectoria sarmentosa. IMA Fungus 10(22) 10.1186/s43008-019-0023-5
Yin M, Wingfield MJ, Zhou X, Linnakoski R, de Beer ZW. (2019) Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Leptographium olivaceum complex (Ophiostomatales, Ascomycota), including descriptions of six new species from China and Europe. MycoKeys 60:93-123. 10.3897/mycokeys.60.39069
Hoang MTV, Irinyi L, Chen SCA, Sorrell TC, TIBoMFWG, Meyer W, Arabatzis M, Arthur I, Cano-Lira JF, Cardinali G, Castañón LR, Chen W, Chindamporn A, Colombo AL, Desnos-Ollivier M, de Beer W, de Hoog S, Dromer F, Garcia-Hermoso D, Gryzenhout M, Guarro J, Halliday C, Hendrickx M, Huhndorf S, Irinyi L, Levesque CA, Meyer W, Luiza Moretti M, de Medeiros Muniz M, de Azevedo Melo AS, Satie Nishikaku A, Normand A-C, Pais C, Piarroux R, Ranque S, Robbertse B, Robert V, Schoch CL, Seifert KA, de Almeida Soares CM, Sorrell TC, Spouge JL, Stubbe D, Lucia Taylor M, Toriello C, Velegraki A, Yurayart C, Maria Zancopé-Oliveira R. (2019) Dual DNA Barcoding for the Molecular Identification of the Agents of Invasive Fungal Infections. Frontiers in Microbiology 10(1647) 10.3389/fmicb.2019.01647
Fell S, De Beer ZW. (2019) The impact of the Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer on Pecan trees in South Africa. SA Pecan 82:11-13. https://bit.ly/2U2Nyj6 PDF
Van den Berg N, Du Toit M, Morgan SW, Fourie G, De Beer ZW. (2019) First Report of Fusarium euwallaceae on Persea americana in South Africa. Plant Disease 10.1094/PDIS-10-18-1818-PDN
Nel WJ, Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2019) Black root rot: A long known but little understood disease. Plant Pathology 68(5):834-842. 10.1111/ppa.13011 PDF
Conlon BH, Aanen DK, Beemelmanns C, De Beer ZW, De Fine Licht HH, Gunde-Cimerman N, Schiøtt M, Poulsen M. (2019) Reviewing the taxonomy of Podaxis: opportunities for understanding extreme fungal lifestyles. Fungal Biology 123(3):183-266. 10.1016/j.funbio.2019.01.001
Chang R, Duong TA, Taerum SJ, Wingfield MJ, Zhou XD, Yin M, De Beer ZW. (2019) Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with the spruce bark beetle Ips typographus, including 11 new species from China. Persoonia 42:50-74. 10.3767/persoonia.2019.42.03 PDF
Wingfield BD, Kolarik M, Menzies JG, Naidoo K, Pochopski O, Shoukouhi P, Santana QC, Seifert KA, Soal NA, Steenkamp ET, Tatham CT, Van der Nest MA, Havenga M, Findlay W, Liu M, Nguyen HDT, Lane FA, Morgan SW, De Vos L, Wilken PM, Doung TA, Aylward J, Coetzee MPA, Dadej K, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2018) Nine draft genome sequences of Claviceps purpurea s.lat., including C. arundinis, C. humidiphila, and C. cf. spartinae, pseudomolecules for the pitch canker pathogen Fusarium circinatum, draft genome of Davidsoniella eucalypti, Grosmannia galeiformis, Quambalaria eucalypti, and Teratosphaeria destructans. IMA Fungus 9(2):401-418. 10.5598/imafungus.2018.09.02.10 PDF
Lee SR, Lee D, Yu JS, Benndorf R, Lee D-S, Huh J, de Beer ZW, Kim YH, Beemelmanns C, Kang KS, Kim KH. (2018) Natalenamides A–C, Cyclic Tripeptides from the Termite-Associated Actinomadura sp. RB99. Molecules 23(11) 10.3390/molecules23113003
De Beer ZW, Paap T. (2018) The spread of shothole borer beetles in South Africa is proving tough to control. The Conversation https://bit.ly/2Dl46ia
Benndorf R, Guo H, Sommerwerk E, Weigel C, Garcia-Altares M, Martin K, Hu H, Küfner M, De Beer ZW, Poulsen M, Beemelmanns C. (2018) Natural products from Actinobacteria associated with fungus-growing termites. Antibiotics 7(3):83. 10.3390/antibiotics7030083 PDF
Nel WJ, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD, Hammerbacher A, De Beer ZW. (2018) Heterothallism revealed in the root rot fungi Berkeleyomyces basicola and B. rouxiae. Fungal Biology 122(11):1031-1040. 10.1016/j.funbio.2018.08.006 PDF
Wingfield BD, Bills GF, Dong Y, Huang W, Nel WJ, Swalarsk-Parry BS, Vaghefi N, Wilken PM, An Z, de Beer ZW, De Vos L, Chen L, Duong TA, Gao Y, Hammerbacher A, Kikkert JR, Li Y, Li H, Li K, Li Q, Liu X, Ma X, Naidoo K, Pethybridge SJ, Sun J, Steenkamp ET, van der Nest M, van Wyk S, Wingfield MJ, Xiong C, Yue Q, Zhang X. (2018) IMA Genome-F 9 Draft genome sequence of Annulohypoxylon stygium, Aspergillus mulundensis, Berkeleyomyces basicola (syn. Thielaviopsis basicola), Ceratocystis smalleyi, two Cercospora beticola strains, Coleophoma cylindrospora, Fusarium fracticaudum, Phialophora cf. hyalina, and Morchella septimelata. IMA Fungus 9(1):199-223. 10.5598/imafungus.2018.09.01.13 PDF
Taerum SJ, De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Jankowiak R, Wingfield MJ. (2018) Ophiostoma quercus: an unusually diverse and globally widespread tree-infecting fungus. Fungal Biology 122(9):900-910. 10.1016/j.funbio.2018.05.005 PDF
Klopper RR, De Beer ZW, Smith GF. (2018) Some outcomes of the Nomenclature Section of the XIXth International Botanical Congress. Bothalia 48(1):a2329. 10.4102/abc.v48i1.2329
Masekela R, Vosloo S, Venter SN, De Beer ZW, Green RJ. (2018) The lung microbiome in children with HIV-bronchiectasis: a cross-sectional pilot study. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 18:87. 10.1186/s12890-018-0632-6
De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ. (2018) (2592) Proposal to conserve Endoconidiophora fagacearum (Bretziella fagacearum, Ceratocystis fagacearum) against Chalara quercina (Thielaviopsis quercina) (Ascomycota: Sordariomycetes: Microascales). Taxon 67:440-440. 10.12705/672.14
Paap T, de Beer ZW, Migliorini D, Nel W, Wingfield MJ. (2018) The polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB) and its fungal symbiont Fusarium euwallaceae: a new invasion in South Africa. Australasian Plant Pathology 47(2):231-237. 10.1007/s13313-018-0545-0 PDF
De Beer ZW. (2018) A tiny beetle and its deadly fungus is threatening South Africa’s trees. The Conversation (27 February) http://bit.ly/2F0J2Ln PDF
Wilken PM, Steenkamp ET, Van der Nest MA, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW, Wingfield BD. (2018) Unexpected placement of the MAT1-1-2 gene in the MAT1-2 idiomorph of Thielaviopsis. Fungal Genetics and Biology 32:32-41. 10.1016/j.fgb.2018.01.007
Some outcomes of the Nomenclature Section of the XIXth International Botanical Congress. Bothalia 48(1):a2329.
Nel WJ, Duong TA, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW. (2018) A new genus and species for the globally important, multi-host root pathogen Thielaviopsis basicola. Plant Pathology 67:871-882. 10.1111/ppa.12803 PDF
Human ZR, Crous CJ, Roets F, Venter SN, Wingfield MJ, de Beer ZW. (2018) Biodiversity and ecology of flower-associated actinomycetes in different flowering stages of Protea repens. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 111(2):209-226. 10.1007/s10482-017-0942-3
Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer (Euwallacea sp.) and Fusarium dieback (Fusarium euwallaceae)
Chang R, Duong TA, Taerum SJ, Wingfield MJ, Zhou X, De Beer ZW. (2017) Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with conifer-infesting beetles and their phoretic mites in Yunnan, China. MycoKeys 28:19-64. 10.3897/mycokeys.28.21758 PDF
Schoch CL, Aime MC, De Beer ZW, Crous PW, Hyde KD, Penev L, Seifert KA, Stadler M, Zhang N, Miller AN. (2017) Using standard keywords in publications to facilitate updates of new fungal taxonomic names. IMA Fungus 8(2):70-73. PDF
Wingfield BD, Berger DK, Steenkamp ET, Lim H-J, Duong TA, Bluhm BH, De Beer ZW, De Vos L, Fourie G, Naidoo K, Olivier NA, Lin Y, Van der Peer Y, Joubert F, Crampton BG, Swart V, Soal N, Tatham C, Van der Nest MA, Van der Merwe NA, Van Wyk S, Wilken PM, Wingfield MJ. (2017) IMA Genome-F 8 Draft genome of Cercospora zeina, Fusarium pininemorale, Hawksworthiomyces lignivorus, Huntiella decipiens and Ophiostoma ips. IMA Fungus 8 (2):385‑396. 10.5598/imafungus.2017.08.02.10 PDF
De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ. (2017) Bretziella, a new genus to accommodate the oak wilt fungus, Ceratocystis fagacearum (Microascales, Ascomycota). MycoKeys 27:1-19. 10.3897/mycokeys.27.20657 PDF
Jankowiak R, Strzałka B, Bilański P, Linnakoski R, Aas T, Solheim H, Groszek M, De Beer ZW. (2017) Two new Leptographium spp. reveal an emerging complex of hardwood-infecting species in the Ophiostomatales. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 110(12):1537-1553. 10.1007/s10482-017-0905-8
Wilken PM, Steenkamp ET, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW, Wingfield BD. (2017) Which MAT gene? Pezizomycotina (Ascomycota) mating-type gene nomenclature reconsidered. Fungal Biology Reviews 31:199-211. 10.1016/j.fbr.2017.05.003 PDF
Wingfield MJ, Barnes I, De Beer ZW, Roux J, Wingfield BD, Taerum SJ. (2017) Novel associations between ophiostomatoid fungi, insects and tree hosts: current status—future prospects. Biological Invasions 19:3215-3228. 10.1007/s10530-017-1468-3 PDF
Miller A, Cai L, Crous PW, De Beer ZW, Hawksworth DL, Hyde KD, Kirk PM, Lücking R, Lumbsch HT, May TW, Rossman AY, Schoch CL, Seifert KA. (2017) Mycologists' committees strongly support changes to the governance of fungal nomenclature. IMA Fungus 8(1):(9)-(11). PDF
Marin-Felix Y, Groenewald JZ, Cai L, Chen Q, Marincowitz S, Barnes I, Bensch K, Braun U, Camporesi E, Damm U, De Beer ZW, Dissanayake A, Edwards J, Giraldo A, Hernández-Restrepo M, Hyde KD, Jayawardena RS, Lombard L, Luangsa-ard J, McTaggart AR, Rossman AY, Sandoval-Denis M, Shen M, Shivas RG, Tan YP, van der Linde EJ, Wingfield MJ, Wood AR, Zhang JQ, Zhang Y, Crous PW. (2017) Genera of phytopathogenic fungi: GOPHY 1. Studies in Mycology 86:99-216. 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.04.002 PDF
Guo H, Benndorf R, Leichnitz D, Klassen JL, Vollmers J, Görls H, Steinacker M, Weigel C, Dahse H-M, Kaster A-K, De Beer ZW, Poulsen M, Beemelmanns C. (2017) Isolation, biosynthesis and chemical modifications of rubterolones A-F, rare tropolone alkaloids from Actinomadura sp. 5-2. Chemistry – A European Journal 23(39):9338-9345. 10.1002/chem.201701005
Kolařík M, Hulcr J, Tisserat N, De Beer ZW, Kostovčík M, Kolaříková Z, Seybold SJ, Rizzo DM. (2017) Geosmithia associated with bark beetles and woodborers in the western USA: Taxonomic diversity and vector specificity. Mycologia 109(2):185-199. 10.1080/00275514.2017.1303861
Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Heiniger U, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW. (2017) A new Leptographium species from the roots of declining Pinus sylvestris in Switzerland. Forest Pathology 47(4):e12346. 10.1111/efp.12346 PDF
Conlon BH, Mitchell J, De Beer ZW, Carøe C, Gilbert MTP, Eilenberg J, Poulsen M, de Fine Licht HH. (2017) Draft genome of the fungus-growing termite pathogenic fungus Ophiocordyceps bispora (Ophiocordycipitaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota). Data in Brief 11:537–542. 10.1016/j.dib.2017.02.051 PDF
Roux J, Osorio JA, de Beer ZW. (2017) A microbial and insect perspective on mangrove health in South Africa.. South African Journal of Botany 109:367. 10.1016/j.sajb.2017.01.171 PDF
Tsopelas P, Santini A, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW. (2017) Canker stain: A lethal disease destroying iconic plane trees. Plant Disease 101(5):645-658. 10.1094/PDIS-09-16-1235-FE PDF
Human ZR, Slippers B, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Venter SN. (2017) Antifungal actinomycetes associated with the pine bark beetle, Orthotomicus erosus, in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 113(1/2):2016-0215. 10.17159/sajs.2017/20160215 PDF
Osorio JA, Crous CJ, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW, Roux J. (2017) An assessment of mangrove diseases and pests in South Africa. Forestry 90(3):343-358. 10.1093/forestry/cpw063 PDF
Taerum SJ, Hoareau TB, Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Jankowiak R, Wingfield MJ. (2017) Putative origins of the fungus Leptographium procerum. Fungal Biology 121(1):82-94. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.09.007 PDF
Osorio JA, Crous CJ, de Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Roux J. (2017) Endophytic Botryosphaeriaceae, including five new species, associated with mangrove trees in South Africa. Fungal Biology 121(4):361-393. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.09.004 PDF
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Burgess TI, Hardy GESJ, Crane C, Barrett S, Cano-Lira JF, Le Roux JJ, Thangavel R, Guarro J, Stchigel AM, Martín MP, Alfredo DS, Barber PA, Barreto RW, Baseia IG, Cano-Canals J, Cheewangkoon R, Ferreira RJ, Gené J, Lechat C, Moreno G, Roets F, Shivas RG, Sousa JO, Tan YP, Wiederhold NP, Abell SE, Accioly T, Albizu JL, Alves JL, Antoniolli ZI, Aplin N, Araújo J, Arzanlou M, Bezerra JDP, Bouchara J-P, Carlavilla JR, Castillo A, Castroagudín VL, Ceresini PC, Claridge GF, Coelho G, Coimbra VRM, Costa LA, Da Cunha KC, Da Silva SS, Daniel R, De Beer ZW, Dueñas M, Edwards J, Enwistle P, Fiuza PO, Fournier J, García D, Gibertoni TB, Giraud S, Guevara-Suarez M, Gusmão LFP, Haituk S, Heykoop M, Hirooka Y, Hofmann TA, Houbraken J, Hughes DP, Kautmanová I, Koppel O, Koukol O, Larsson E, Latha KPD, Lee DH, Lisboa DO, Lisboa WS, López-Villalba Á, Maciel JLN, Manimohan P, Manjón JL, Marincowitz S, Marney TS, Meijer M, Miller AN, Olariaga I, Paiva LM, Piepenbring M, Poveda-Molero JC, Raj KNA, Raja HA, Rougeron A, Salcedo I, Samadi R, Santos TAB, Scarlett K, Seifert KA, Shuttleworth LA, Silva GA, Silva M, Siqueira JPZ, Souza-Motta CM, Stephenson SL, Sutton DA, Tamakeaw N, Telleria MT, Valenzuela-Lopez N, Viljoen A, Visagie CM, Vizzini A, Wartchow F, Wingfield BD, Yurchenko E, Zamora JC, Groenewald JZ. (2016) Fungal Planet description sheets: 469–557. Persoonia 37:218-403. 10.3767/003158516x694499 PDF
Wingfield BD, Duong TA, Hammerbacher A, van der Nest MA, Wilson A, Chang R, de Beer ZW, Steenkamp ET, Wilken PM, Naidoo K, Wingfield MJ. (2016) IMA Genome-F 7 Draft genome sequences for Ceratocystis fagacearum, C. harringtonii, Grosmannia penicillata, and Huntiella bhutanensis. IMA Fungus 7(2):317-323. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.02.11 PDF
Simmons DR, De Beer ZW, Huang Y-T, Bateman CC, Campbell A, Dreaden TJ, Li Y, Ploetz RC, Black A, Li H-F, Chen C-Y, Wingfield MJ, Hulcr J. (2016) New Raffaelea species (Ophiostomatales) from the USA and Taiwan associated with ambrosia beetles and plant hosts. IMA Fungus 7(2):265-273. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.02.06 PDF
Human ZR, Moon K, Bae M, De Beer ZW, Cha S, Wingfield MJ, Slippers B, Oh D-C, Venter SN. (2016) Antifungal Streptomyces spp. associated with the infructescences of Protea spp. in South Africa. Frontiers in Microbiology 7(1657) 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01657 PDF
May TW, De Beer ZW, Crous PW, Hawksworth DL, Liu X, Norvell LL, Pennycook SR, Redhead SA, Seifert KA. (2016) (362–363) Proposals to amend the Code to modify its governance with respect to names of organisms treated as fungi. Taxon 65(4):918-920. 10.12705/654.47 PDF
Osorio JA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Roux J. (2016) Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with mangroves in South Africa, including Ophiostoma palustre sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109(12):1555-1571. 10.1007/s10482-016-0757-7
De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Kim JJ, Rodrigues A, Wingfield MJ. (2016) Hawksworthiomyces gen. nov. (Ophiostomatales), illustrates the urgency for a decision on how to name novel taxa known only from environmental nucleic acid sequences (ENAS). Fungal Biology 120(11):1323-1340. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.07.004 PDF
De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ. (2016) The divorce of Sporothrix and Ophiostoma: solution to a problematic relationship. Studies in Mycology 83:165–191. 10.1016/j.simyco.2016.07.001 PDF
Wingfield BD, Ambler JM, Coetzee MPA, De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Joubert F, Hammerbacher A, McTaggart AR, Naidoo K, Nguyen HDT, Ponomareva E, Santana QS, Seifert KA, Steenkamp ET, Trollip C, Van der Nest MA, Visagie CM, Wilken PM, Wingfield MJ, Yilmaz N. (2016) IMA Genome-F 6: Draft genome sequences of Armillaria fuscipes, Ceratocystiopsis minuta, Ceratocystis adiposa, Endoconidiophora laricicola, E. polonica and Penicillium freii DAOMC 242723. IMA Fungus 7(1):217-227. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.01.11 PDF
Reblova M, Ju Y-M, Judith C, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Pang K-L, Petrini LE, Raja HA, Romreo AI, Shearer C, Senanayake IC, Voglmayr H, Weir BS, Jones EBG, Jaklitsch W, Jayawardena R, Miller AN, Rossman AY, Seifert KA, Crous PW, Hawksworth DL, Abdel-Wahab MA, Cannon PF, Daranagama DA, De Beer ZW, Huang S-K, Hyde KD, Wijayawarden NN. (2016) Recommendations for competing sexual-asexually typified generic names in Sordariomycetes (except Diaporthales, Hypocreales, and Magnaporthales). IMA Fungus 7(1):131-153. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.01.08 PDF
Conlon BH, De Beer ZW, De Fine Licht HK, Aanen DK, Poulsen M. (2016) Phylogenetic analyses of diverse Podaxis specimens from Southern Africa reveal hidden diversity and new insights into associations with termites. Fungal Biology 120(9):1065-1076. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.05.011
Linnakoski R, Jankowiak R, Villari C, Kirisits T, Solheim H, de Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2016) The Ophiostoma clavatum species complex: a newly defined group in the Ophiostomatales including three novel taxa. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109:987-1018. 10.1007/s10482-016-0700-y PDF
Musvuugwa T, de Beer ZW, Duong TA, Dreyer LL, Oberlander K, Roets F. (2016) Wounds on Rapanea melanophloeos provide habitat for a large diversity of Ophiostomatales including four new species. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109(6):877-894. 10.1007/s10482-016-0687-4
Wingfield MJ, Garnas JR, Hajek A, Hurley BP, de Beer ZW, Taerum SJ. (2016) Novel and co-evolved associations between insects and microorganisms as drivers of forest pestilence. Biological Invasions 18(4):1045-1056. 10.1007/s10530-016-1084-7 PDF
Taerum SJ, Konečný A, de Beer ZW, Cibrian-Tovar D, Wingfield MJ. (2016) Population genetics and symbiont assemblages support different invasion scenarios for the red turpentine beetle (Dendroctonus valens). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118(3):486-502. 10.1111/bij.12781 PDF
Van der Linde JA, Six DL, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Roux J. (2016) Novel ophiostomatalean fungi from galleries of Cyrtogenius africus (Scolytinae) infesting dying Euphorbia ingens. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109(4):589-601. 10.1007/s10482-016-0661-1 PDF
De Errasti A, De Beer ZW, Coetzee MPA, Roux J, Rajchenberg M, Wingfield MJ. (2016) Three new species of Ophiostomatales from Nothofagus in Patagonia. Mycological Progress 15(2):17. 10.1007/s11557-016-1158-z PDF
Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ. (2016) Mating type markers reveal high levels of heterothallism in Leptographium sensu lato. Fungal Biology 120(4):538-546. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.01.001 PDF
Yin M, Wingfield MJ, Zhou X, De Beer ZW. (2016) Multigene phylogenies and morphological characterization of five new Ophiostoma spp. associated with spruce-infesting bark beetles in China. Fungal Biology 120(4):454-470. 10.1016/j.funbio.2015.12.004 PDF
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Le Roux JJ, Richardson DM, Strasberg D, Shivas RG, Alvarado P, Edwards J, Moreno G, Sharma R, Sonawane M.S., Tan YP, Altés A, Barasubiye T, Barnes CW, Blanchette RA, Boertmann D, Bogo A, Carlavilla JR, Cheewangkoon R, Daniel R, de Beer ZW, de Jesús Yáñez-Morales M, Duong TA, Fernández-Vicente J, Geering ADW, Guest DI, Held BW, Heykoop M, Hubka V, Ismail AM, Kajale SC, Khemmuk W, Kolařík M, Kurli R, Lebeuf R, Lévesque CA, Lombard L, Magista D, Manjón JL, Marincowitz S, et al. (2015) Fungal Planet description sheets: 371–399. Persoonia 35:264-327. 10.3767/003158515X690269 PDF
Wingfield BD, Barnes I, De Beer ZW, De Vos L, Duong TA, Kanzi AM, Naidoo K, Nguyen HDT, Santana QC, Sayari M, Seifert KA, Steenkamp ET, Trollip C, Van der Merwe N, Van der Nest MA, Wilken PM, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Draft genome sequences of Ceratocystis eucalypticola, Chrysoporthe cubensis, C. deuterocubensis, Davidsoniella virescens, Fusarium temperatum, Graphilbum fragrans, Penicillium nordicum, and Thielaviopsis musarum. IMA Fungus 6(2):493-506. 10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.02.13 PDF
Stielow JB, Lévesque CA, Seifert KA, Meyer W, Irinyi L, Smits D, Renfurm R, Verkley GJM, Groenewald M, Chaduli D, Lomascolo A, Welti S, Lesage-Meessen L, Favel A, Al-Hatmi AMS, Damm U, Yilmaz N, Houbraken J, Lombard L, Quaedvlieg W, Binder M, Vaas LAI, Vu D, Yurkov A, Begerow D, Roehl O, Guerreiro M, Fonseca A, Samerpitak K, Van Diepeningen AD, Dolatabadi S, Moreno LF, Casaregola S, Mallet S, Jacques N, Roscini L, Egidi E, Bizet C, Garcia-Hermoso D, Martín MP, Deng S, Groenewald JZ, Boekhout T, De Beer ZW, Barnes I, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ, De Hoog GS, Crous PW, Lewis CT, Hambleton S, Moussa TAA, Al-Zahrani HS, Almaghrabi OA, Louis-Seize G, Assabgui R, McCormick W, Omer G, Dukik K, Cardinali G, Eberhardt U, De Vries M, Robert V. (2015) One fungus, which genes? Development and assessment of universal primers for potential secondary fungal DNA barcodes. Persoonia 35:242-263. 10.3767/003158515X689135 PDF
Musvuugwa T, De Beer ZW, Duong T, Dreyer L, Oberlander K, Roets F. (2015) New species of Ophiostomatales from Scolytinae and Platypodinae beetles in the Cape Floristic Region, including the discovery of the sexual state of Raffaelea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 108(4):933-950. 10.1007/s10482-015-0547-7
Wingfield BD, Ades PK, Al-Naemi FA, Beirn LA, Bihon W, Crouch JA, De Beer ZW, De Vos L, Duong TA, Fields CJ, Fourie G, Kanzi AM, Malapi-Wight M, Pethybridge SJ, Radwan O, Rendon G, Slippers B, Santana QC, Steenkamp ET, Taylor PWJ, Vaghefi N, Van der Merwe NA, Veltri D, Wingfield MJ. (2015) IMA Genome-F 4. Draft genome sequences of Chrysoporthe austroafricana, Diplodia scrobiculata, Fusarium nygamai, Leptographium lundbergii, Limonomyces culmigenus, Stagonosporopsis tanaceti, and Thielaviopsis punctulata. IMA Fungus 6(1):233-248. 10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.01.15 PDF
Osorio JA, Wingfield MJ, de Beer ZW, Roux J. (2015) Pseudocercospora mapelanensis sp. nov., associated with a fruit and leaf disease of Barringtonia racemosa in South Africa. Australasian Plant Pathology 44(3):349-359. 10.1007/s13313-015-0357-4 PDF
Marincowitz S, Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Cornuvesica: A little known mycophilic genus with a unique biology and unexpected new species. Fungal Biology 119:615-630. 10.1016/j.funbio.2015.03.007 PDF
De Errasti A, De Beer ZW, Rajchenberg M, Coetzee MPA, Wingfield MJ, Roux J. (2015) Huntiella decorticans sp. nov. (Ceratocystidaceae) associated with dying Nothofagus in Patagonia. Mycologia 107(3):512-521. 10.3852/14-175 PDF
Yin M, Duong TA, Wingfield MJ, Zhou X, De Beer ZW. (2015) Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Leptographium procerum complex, including L. sinense sp. nov. and L. longiconidiophorum sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 107(2):547-563. 10.1007/s10482-014-0351-9 PDF
Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield BD, Eckhardt LG, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Microsatellite and mating type markers reveal unexpected patterns of genetic diversity in the pine root-infecting fungus Grosmannia alacris. Plant Pathology 64(1):235-242. 10.1111/ppa.12231 PDF
Van der Nest MA, Beirn LA, Crouch JA, Demers JE, De Beer ZW, De Vos L, Gordon TR, Moncalvo JM, Naidoo K, Sanchez-Ramirez S, Roodt D, Santana QC, Slinksi SL, Stata M, Taerum SJ, Wilken PM, Wilson AM, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD. (2014) Draft genomes of Amanita jacksonii, Ceratocystis albifundus, Fusarium circinatum, Huntiella omanensis, Leptographium procerum, Rutstroemia sydowiana, and Sclerotinia echinophila. IMA Fungus 5(2):473-486. 10.5598/imafungus.2014.05.02.11 PDF
De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Barnes I, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ. (2014) Redefining Ceratocystis and allied genera. Studies in Mycology 79:187-219. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.10.001 PDF