Services offered to member companies of the TPCP include the following:

Insect pest and disease diagnostic services

Diagnostic services of the TPCP function through foresters submitting samples to the programme for analyses. Such samples are usually received after discussion between research staff and the foresters concerned, so that appropriate material is submitted. Identification of insect pests and pathogens are conducted using state of the art techniques from plant tissues, soil and water samples. Potential pathogens are often also tested for their ability to cause disease. An extensive reference fungal culture collection including tree pathogens collected in South Africa during the course of the past 20 years is also maintained, such that comparative studies and pathogen variation can be studied in the longer term. Insect pests are also identified where possible, or sent to experts for identification in the case of uncommon or new pests. Advice is provided to foresters based on these investigations and identifications.

Contacts for the diagnostic clinic.

When sending samples to the diagnostic clinic, please follow the instructions for sample preparation carefully and complete the information sheet providing as much detail as possible about the problem.

Online submission of the FABI Diagnostic Clinic: Sample Information Sheet

A research programme focused on pests and diseases of priority to members

Research on pests and diseases of pine, eucalypts and wattle is conducted by postgraduate students together with permanent staff of the TPCP in modern laboratories specifically designed and equipped for tree protection research. Modern equipment for basic plant pathology and entomology research, as well as state-of-the-art DNA-based technologies, are used in an effort to produce world class results. Research includes the identification of new pests and pathogens, as well as studies on the biology these organisms to inform and guide management strategies to avoid losses. For example, through determining periods of spore release in Sphaeropsis sapinea, it has been possible to provide advice on suitable times for pruning of pines.

Other priorities are to develop and implement techniques for rapidly screening tree species and clones for resistance to disease. Screening techniques include inoculation under greenhouse and field conditions, but also various physiological and molecular techniques. Research into a variety of disease control strategies including cultural, chemical and biological control also forms a significant part of this programme.

All scientific data generated are published in peer-reviewed academic journals. These publications are all listed on the FABI website, and pdf's can be requested from any of the authors involved.

Monitoring of pests and diseases to gain a perspective of their relative importance

An important component of the TPCP is to monitor pest and disease development in plantations, in permanent sampling plots and through country-wide surveys. Data derived from these studies ensure the early discovery of new pests and diseases and also lead to a long term perspective on the importance of various pests and diseases.

Education of field foresters and students

Regular training courses for field foresters are provided and these ensure that knowledge and technology derived from research in the TPCP is transferred to the plantation level. In addition, forestry students are provided with lectures in the field of tree protection. Postgraduate students undertaking research in this field also ensure long term capacity building in this field.

 

 

New Publications

Séité S, Harrison MC, Sillam-Dussés D, Lupoli R, Van Dooren TJM, Robert A, Poissonnier L-A, Lemainque A, Renault D, Acket S, Andrieu M, Viscarra J, Sul HS, de Beer ZW, Bornberg-Bauer E, Vasseur-Cognet M. (2021) Extreme longevity of highly fecund termite queens achieved by mitochondrial and insulin upregulation without harmful lipid signatures or accumulation. bioRxiv :2021.05.10.4433. 10.1101/2021.05.10.443390
Visagie CM, Frisvad JC, Houbraken J, Visagie A, Samson RA, Jacobs K. (2021) A re-evaluation of Penicillium section Canescentia, including the description of five new species. Persoonia 46:163-187. 10.3767/persoonia.2021.46.06
Fraser S, McTaggart AR, Roux J, Wingfield MJ. (2021) Hyperparasitism by Sphaerellopsis macroconidialis may lower over-wintering survival of Uromycladium acaciae. Forest Pathology 10.1111/efp.12691
Crous PW, Hernández-Restrepo M, Schumacher RK, Cowan DA, Maggs-Kölling G, Marais E, Wingfield MJ, Yilmaz N, Adan OCG, Akulov A, Álvarez Duarte E, Berraf-Tebbal A, Bulgakov TS, Carnegie AJ, de Beer ZW, Decock C, Dijksterhuis C, Duong TA, Eichmeier A, Hien LT, Houbraken JAMP, Khanh TN, Liem NV, Lombard L, Lutzoni FM, Miadlikowska JM, Nel WJ, Pascoe IG, Roets F, Roux J, Samson RA, Shen M, Spetik M, Thangavel R, Thanh HM, Thao LD, van Nieuwenhuijzen EJ, Zhang JQ, Zhang Y, Zhao LL, Groenewald JZ. (2021) New and Interesting Fungi. 4. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 7:255-343. https://bit.ly/3xAxUQM PDF
Engelbrecht J, Duong TA, Prabhu AS, Seedat M, van den Berg N. (2021) Genome of the destructive oomycete Phytophthora cinnamomi provides insights into its pathogenicity and adaptive potential. BMC Genomics 22:302. 10.1186/s12864-021-07552-y
Wondafrash M, Wingfield MJ, Wilson JRU, Hurley BP, Slippers B, Paap T. (2021) Botanical gardens as key resources and hazards for biosecurity. Biodiversity and Conservation 10.1007/s10531-021-02180-0
Lane FA, Du Plessis D, Wingfield BD, Wilken PM. (2021) Transferring an Agrobacterium‐mediated transformation protocol across eight genera in the Ceratocystidaceae. Forest Pathology e12688 10.1111/efp.12688
Aglietti C, Meinecke CD, Ghelardini L, Barnes I, van der Nest A, Villari C. (2021) Rapid detection of pine pathogens Lecanosticta acicola, Dothistroma pini and D. septosporum on needles by probe-based LAMP assays. Forests 12(4):479. 10.3390/f12040479
Lynn KMT, Wingfield MJ, Durán A, Oliveira LSS, de Beer ZW, Barnes I. (2021) Novel Fusarium mutualists of two Euwallacea species infesting Acacia crassicarpa in Indonesia. Mycologia 113(3):536-558. 10.1080/00275514.2021.1875708 PDF
Gwizdala M, Lebre PH, Maggs-Kölling G, Marais E, Cowan DA, Krüger TPJ. (2021) Sub-lithic photosynthesis in hot desert habitats. Environmental Microbiology 10.1111/1462-2920.15505
Sinotte VM, Conlon BH, Seibel E, Schwitalla JW, de Beer ZW, Poulsen M, Bos N. (2021) Female-biased sex allocation and lack of inbreeding avoidance in Cubitermes termites. Ecology and Evolution 10.1002/ece3.7462
Jamison-Daniels SL, Kissling WD, Botha M, Harris MA, Gordon CE, Greve M. (2021) The role of deterministic succession during forest development within a southern African savanna. bioTropica 53(2):466-476. 10.1111/btp.12890
Nel WJ, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW, Duong TA. (2021) Ophiostomatalean fungi associated with wood boring beetles in South Africa including two new species. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 10.1007/s10482-021-01548-0
van der Nest MA, Chávez R, De Vos L, Duong TA, Gil-Durán C, Ferreira MA, Lane FA, Levicán G, Santana QC, Steenkamp ET, Suzuki H, Tello M, Rakoma JR, Vaca I, Valdés N, Wilken PM, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD. (2021) Draft genome sequences of Penicillium roqueforti, Fusarium sororula, Chrysoporthe puriensis, and Chalaropsis populi. IMA Fungus 12:5. 10.1186/s43008-021-00055-1 PDF
Phasha MM, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD, Coetzee MPA, Hallen-Adams H, Fru F, Swalarsk-Parry BS, Yilmaz N, Duong TA, Steenkamp ET. (2021) Ras2 is important for growth and pathogenicity in Fusarium circinatum. 150:103541. 10.1016/j.fgb.2021.103541
De Wit MP, Crookes DJ, Blignaut JN, de Beer ZW, Paap T, Roets F, Van der Merwe C, Richardson DM. (2021) Invasion of the Polyphagous Shot Hole Borer Beetle in South Africa: A preliminary assessment of the economic impacts. Biological Invasions PREPRINT 10.21203/rs.3.rs-220132/v1
Migliorini D, Messal M, Santini A, Ramos AP, Talhinhas P, Wingfield MJ, Burgess T. (2021) Metabarcoding reveals southern hemisphere fungal endophytes within wood of cultivated Proteaceae in Portugal. European Journal of Plant Pathology 10.1007/s10658-021-02233-8
Balocchi F, Wingfield MJ, Ahumada R, Barnes I. (2021) Pewenomyces kutranfy gen nov. et sp. nov. causal agent of an important canker disease on Araucaria araucana in Chile. Plant Pathology 10.1111/ppa.13353
Mullett MS, Drenkhan R, Adamson K, Boroń P, Lenart-Boroń A, Barnes I, Tomšovský M, Jánošíková Z, Adamčíková K, Ondrušková E, Queloz V, Piškur B, Musolin DL, Davydenko K, Georgieva M, Schmitz S, Kačergius A, Ghelardini L, Kranjec Orlović J, Müller M, Oskay F, Hauptman T, Halász Á, Markovskaja S, Solheim H, Vuorinen M, Heinzelmann R, Hamelin RC, Konečný A. (2021) Worldwide genetic structure elucidates the Eurasian origin and invasion pathways of Dothistroma septosporum, causal agent of Dothistroma Needle Blight. Journal of Fungi 7:111. 10.3390/jof7020111
van Wyk S, Wingfield B, De Vos L, van der Merwe A, Steenkamp E. (2021) Genome-Wide Analyses of Repeat-Induced Point Mutations in the Ascomycota. Frontiers in Microbiology 11(Article 622368):1-17. 10.3389/fmicb.2020.622368 PDF