Prof Cobus Visagie



Associate Professor

Department

Biochemistry, Genetics and Microbiology
Full CV
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Research Profiles

Primary Supervisor
Claudette Dewing

I am a mycologist specialised in the taxonomy of AspergillusPenicilliumTalaromyces and other moulds from the natural and built environment. My research focus includes their biodiversity, ecology, phylogenetics, nomenclature and identification with a particular interest in taxonomically robust ecological and biodiversity studies. My major contribution to the international mycological community has been the accepted species lists for AspergillusPenicillium and Talaromyces that was published in Samson et al (2014), Visagie et al (2014) and Yilmaz et al (2014). Before these papers, describing new species in these genera was very complicated because of unavailable reference data. Since publishing these accepted species lists and associated DNA sequence reference data, Aspergillus grew from 339 to 450 species, Penicillium from 354 to 483 species, and Talaromyces from 88 to 171 species. These papers had a big international impact and have been cited a combined 1035 times (on 2020/01). An update to these papers was recently published in Houbraken et al (2020).

 

My research has now shifted to exploit the strong and modern taxonomy we created for our genera of interest. To do this, we have several grain-related projects that are focused on characterising fungal communities related to these important crops and developing methods to more efficiently monitor communities and rapidly detect species of interest. During this process, we are also expanding the already large culture collection housed at FABI to now include reference strains of grain associated fungi to be used for a variety of research projects. One of these is to sequence the genomes of especially mycotoxigenic fungi that will lead to a better understanding of their mycotoxin producing capabilities.

 

 



News

FABI launches its multi-disciplinary Grain Research Programme

FABI launched its multidisciplinary Grain Research Programme (GRP) during an online event on 21 August.

Grain Research Programme field trip to the Eastern Cape

Three researchers from the FABI Grain Research Programme, Dr David Nsibo, Dr Godfrey Kgatle and PhD candidate Pfano Mbedzi, visited farms in the Eastern Cape from 12-17 July.

Fungi in FABI lockdown! Discovering unexpected and hidden mycological gems

As we move to more relaxed lockdown regulations due to the COVID-19 pandemic, schools, businesses and offices are starting to re-open. Recently, a leatherwear and accessory store in Malaysia reopened their doors after two months of lockdown, only to find fungi growing on all their products.

World-leading work on bacteria, fungi and insects rewarded with prestigious FLAIR Fellowships in FABI

The FABI community is delighted with three of its researchers awarded Future Leaders – African Independent Research (FLAIR) fellowships.

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Publication
Houbraken J, Samson RA, Hubka V, Kraak B, Meijer M, Wang XC, Yilmaz N, Visagie CM, Kocsubé S, Frisvad JC. (2020) Classification of Aspergillus, Penicillium, Talaromyces and related genera (Eurotiales): an overview of families, genera, subgenera, sections, series and species. Studies in Mycology 95:5–169. 10.1016/j.simyco.2020.05.002
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Schumacher RK, Akulov A, Bulgakov TS, Carnegie AJ, Jurjević Z, Decock C, Denman S, Lombard L, Lawrence DP, Stack AJ, Gordon TR, Bostock RM, Burgess T, Summerell BA, Taylor PWJ, Edwards J, Hou LW, Cai L, Rossman AY, Wöhner T, Allen WC, Castlebury LA, Visagie CM, Groenewald JZ. (2020) New and Interesting Fungi. 3. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 6:157–231. 10.3114/fuse.2020.06.09
Visagie CM, Houbraken J. (2020) Updating the taxonomy of Aspergillus in South Africa. Studies in Mycology 95:253–292. 10.1016/j.simyco.2020.02.003 PDF
Visagie CM, Yilmaz N, Vanderwolf K, Renaud JB, Sumarah MW, Houbraken J, Assebgui R, Seifert KA, Malloch D. (2020) Penicillium diversity in Canadian bat caves, including a new species, P. speluncae. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5:1-15. 10.3114/fuse.2020.05.01
Crous PW, Carnegie AJ, Wingfield MJ, Sharma R, Mughini G, Noordeloos ME, Santini A, Shouche YS, Bezerra JDP, Dima B, Guarnaccia V, Imrefi I, Jurjević , Knapp DG, Kovács GM, Magistà D, Perrone G, Rämä T, Rebriev YA, Shivas RG, Singh SM, Souza-Motta CM, Thangavel R, Adhapure NN, Alexandrova AV, Alfenas AC, Alfenas RF, Alvarado P, Alves AL, Andrade DA, Andrade JP, Barbosa RN, Barili A, Barnes CW, Baseia IG, Bellanger JM, Berlanas C, Bessette AE, Bessette AR, Biketova AY, Bomfim FS, Brandrud TE, Bransgrove K, Brito ACQ, Cano-Lira JF, Cantillo T, Cavalcanti AD, Cheewangkoon R, Chikowski RS, Conforto C, Cordeiro TRL, Craine JD, Cruz R, Damm U, De Oliveira RJV, De Souza JT, De Souza HG, Dearnaley JDW, Dimitrov RA, Dovana F, Erhard A, Esteve-Raventós F, Félix CR, Ferisin G, Fernandes RA, Ferreira RJ, Ferro LO, Figueiredo CN, Frank JL, Freire KTLS, García D, Gené J, Gęsiorska A, Gibertoni TB, Gondra RAG, Gouliamova DE, Gramaje D, Guard F, Gusmão LFP, Haitook S, Hirooka Y, Houbraken J, Hubka V, Inamdar A, Iturriaga T, Iturrieta-González I, Jadan M, Jlang N, Justo A, Kachalkin AV, Kapitonov VI, Karadelev M, Karakehian J, Kasuya T, Kautmanová I, Kruse J, Kušan I, Kuznetsova TA, Landell MF, Larsson KH, Lee HB, Lima DX, Lira CRS, Machado AR, Madrid H, Magalhães OMC, Majerova H, Malysheva EF, Mapperson RR, Marbach PAS, Martín MP, Martín-Sanz A, Matočec N, McTaggart AR, Mello JF, Melo RFR, Mešić A, Michereff SJ, Miller AN, Minoshima A, Molinero-Ruiz L, Morozova OV, Mosoh D, Nabe M, Naik R, Nara K, Nascimento SS, Neves RP, Olariaga I, Oliveira RL, Oliveira TGL, Ono T, Ordoñez ME, Ottoni ADM, Paiva LM, Pancorbo F, Pant B, Pawłowska J, Peterson SW, Raudabaugh DB, Rodríguez-Andrade E, Rubio E, Rusevska K, Santiago ALCMA, Santos ACS, Santos C, Sazanova NA, Shah S, Sharma J, Silva BDB, Siquier JL, Sonawane MS, Stchigel AM, Svetasheva T, Tamakeaw N, Telleria MT, Tiago PV, Tian CM, Tkalcec Z, Tomashevskava MA, Truong HH, Vecherskii MV, Visagie CM, Vizzini A, Yilmaz N, Zmitrovich IV, Zvyagina EA, Boekhout T, Kehlet T, Læssøe T, Groenewald JZ. (2019) Fungal Planet description sheets: 868–950. Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi 10.3767/persoonia.2019.42.11
Walsh JP, Renaud JB, Hoogstra S, McMullin DR, Ibrahim A, Visagie CM, Tanney JB, Yeung KKC, Sumarah MW. (2019) Diagnostic fragmentation filtering for the discovery of new chaetoglobosins and cytochalasins. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 33:133-139. 10.1002/rcm.8306
Crous PW, Luangsa-ard JJ, Wingfield MJ, Carnegie AJ, Hernández-Restrepo M, Lombard L, Roux J, Barreto RW, Baseia IG, Cano-Lira JF, Martín MP, Morozova OV, Stchigel AM, Summerell BA, Brandrud TE, Dima B, García D, Giraldo A, Guarro J, Gusmão LFP, Khamsuntorn P, Noordeloos ME, Nuankaew S, Pinruan U, Rodríguez-Andrade E, Souza-Motta CM, Thangavel R, van Iperen AL, Abreu VP, Accioly T, Alves JL, Andrade JP, Bahram M, Baral HO, Barbier E, Barnes CW, Bendiksen E, Bernard E, Bezerra JDP, Bezerra JL, Bizio E, Blair JE, Bulyonkova TM, Cabral TS, Caiafa MV, Cantillo T, Colmán AA, Conceição LB, Cruz S, Cunha AOB, Darveaux BA, da Silva AL, da Silva GA, da Silva GM, da Silva RMF, de Oliveira RJV, Oliveira RL, De Souza JT, Dueñas M, Evans HC, Epifani F, Felipe MTC, Fernández-López J, Ferreira BW, Figueiredo CN, Filippova NV, Flores JA, Gené J, Ghorbani G, Gibertoni TB, Glushakova AM, Healy R, Huhndorf SM, Iturrieta-González I, Javan-Nikkhah M, Juciano RF, Jurjevi, Kachalkin AV, Keochanpheng K, Krisai-Greilhuber I, Li YC, Lima AA, Machado AR, Madrid H, Magalhães OMC, Marbach PAS, Melanda GCS, Miller AN, Mongkolsamrit S, Nascimento RP, Oliveira TGL, Ordoñez ME, Orzes R, Palma MA, Pearce CJ, Pereira OL, Perrone G, Peterson SW, Pham THG, Piontelli E, Pordel A, Quijada L, Raja HA, Rosas de Paz E, Ryvarden L, Saitta A, Salcedo SS, Sandoval-Denis M, Santos TAB, Seifert KA, Silva BDB, Smith ME, Soares AM, Sommai S, Sousa JO, Suetrong S, Susca A, Tedersoo L, Telleria MT, Thanakitpipattana D, Valenzuela-Lopez N, Visagie CM, Zapata M, Groenewald JZ. (2018) Fungal Planet description sheets: 785-867. Persoonia 41(1):238-417. 10.3767/persoonia.2018.41.12 PDF
Crous PW, Luangsa-Ard JJ, Wingfield MJ, Carnegie AJ, Hernandez-Restrepo M, Lombard L, Roux J, Barreto RW, Cano-Lira JF, Martin MP, Morozova OV, Stchigel AM, Summerell BA, Brandrud TE, Dima B, Garcia D, Giraldo A, Guarro J, Gusmao LFP, Khamsuntorn P, Noordeloos ME, Nuankaew S, Pinruan U, Rodriguez-Andrade E, Souza-Motta CM, Thangavel R, van Iperen AL, Abreu VP, Accioly T, Alves JL, Andrade JP, Bahram M, Baral HO, Barbier E, Barnes CW, Bendiksen E, Barnard E, Bezerra JDP, Bezerra JL, Bizio E, Blair JE, Bulyonkova TM, Cabral TS, Caiafa MV, Cantillo T, Comnan AA, Conceicao LB, Cruz S, Cunha AOB, Darveaux BA, da Silva AL, da Silva GM, da Silva RMF, de Oliveira RJV, Oliveira RL, de Souza JT, Duenas M, Evans HC, Epifani F, Felipe MTC, Fernandez-Lopez J, Ferreira BW, Figueiredo CN, Filippova NV, Flores JA, Gene J, Ghorbani G, Gibertoni TB, Glushakova AM, Healy R, Huhndorf SM, Iturrieta-Gonzalez I, Javan-Nikkah M, Juciano RF, Jurjevic Z, Kachalkin AV, Keochanpheng K, Krisai-Greilhuber I, Li YC, Lima AA, Machado AR, Madrid M, Magalhaes OMC, Marbach PAS, Melanda GCS, Miller AN, Mongkolsamrit S, Nascimento RP, Oliveira TGL, Ordonez ME, Orzes R, Palma MA, Pearce CJ, Pereira OL, Perrone G, Peterson SW, Pham THG, Piontelli E, Pordel A, Quijada L, Raja HA, Rosas de Paz E, Ryvarden L, Saitta A, Salcedo SS, Sandoval-Denis M, Santos TAB, Seifert KS, Silva BDB, Smith ME, Soares AM, Sommai S, Sousa JO, Suetrong S, Susca A, Tedersoo L, Telleria MT, Thanakitpipattana D, Valenzuela-Lopez N, Visagie CM, Zapata M, Groenewald JZ. (2018) Fungal Planet description sheets: 785-867. Persoonia 41 10.3767/persoonia.2018.41.12
Botha CJ, Visagie CM, Sulyok M. (2018) Putative neuromycotoxicoses in an adult male following ingestion of moldy walnuts. Mycotoxin Research 35:9-16. 10.1007/s12550-018-0326-1
Nilsson HR, Taylor AFS, Adams RI, Baschien C, Bengtsson-Palme J, Cangren P, Coleine C, Daniel HM, Glassman SI, Hirooka Y, Irinyi L, Iršėnaitė R, Martin-Sanchez PM, Meyer W, Oh SY, Sampaio JP, Seifert KA, Sklenář F, Stubbe D, Suh SO, Summerbell R, Svantesson S, Unterseher M, Visagie CM, Weiss M, Woudenberg JHC, Wurzbacher C, Van den Wyngaert S, Yilmaz N, Yurkov A, Kõljalg U, Abarenkov K. (2018) Taxonomic annotation of public ITS sequences from the built environment - a report from an April 10-11, 2017 worksop (Aberdeen, UK). . MycoKeys 28:65–82. 10.3897/mycokeys.28.20887
Zahariev M, Chen W, Visagie CM, Lévesque CA. (2018) Cluster oligonucleotide signatures for rapid identification by sequencing. BMC Bioinformatics 19:395. 10.1186/s12859-018-2363-3
Chen AJ, Hubka V, Frisvad JC, Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Meijer M, Varga J, Demirel R, Jurjević , Kubátová A, Sklenář F, Zhou YG, Samson RA. (2017) Polyphasic taxonomy of Aspergillus section Aspergillus (formerly Eurotium), and its occurrence in indoor environments and food. Studies in Mycology 88:37-135. 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.07.001
Humphries Z, Seifert KA, Hirooka Y, Visagie CM. (2017) A new family and genus in Dothideales for Aureobasidium-like species isolated from house dust. IMA Fungus 8:299-315. 10.5598/imafungus.2017.08.02.05
Samson RA, Hubka V, Varga J, Houbraken J, Hong S, Klaassen CHW, Perrone G, Seifert KA, Magistà D, Visagie CM, Kocsubé S, Szigeti G, Yaguchi T, Peterson SW, Frisvad JC. (2017) Response to Pitt & Taylor 2016: Conservation of Aspergillus with A. niger as the conserved type is unnecessary and potentially disruptive. Taxon 66:1439-1446. 10.12705/666.10
Sklenář F, Jurjević Ž, Zalar P, Frisvad JC, Visagie CM, Kolařík M, Houbraken J, Chen AJ, Yilmaz N, Seifert KA, Coton M, Déniel F, Gunde-Cimerman N, Samson RA, Peterson SW, Hubka V. (2017) Phylogeny of xerophilic aspergilli (subgenus Aspergillus) and taxonomic revision of section Restricti. Studies in Mycology 88:161–236. 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.09.002
Tanney JB, Visagie CM, Yilmaz N, Seifert KA. (2017) Aspergillus subgenus Polypaecilum from the built environment. Studies in Mycology 88:237–267. 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.11.001
Visagie CM, Renaud JB, Burgess KM, Malloch DW, Clark D, Ketch L, Urb M, Louis-Seize G, Assabgui R, Sumarah MW, Seifert KA. (2017) Fifteen new species of Penicillium. Persoonia 36:247-280. 10.3767/003158516X691627
Visagie CM, Yilmaz N, Renaud JB, Sumarah MW, Hubka V, Frisvad JC, Chen AJ, Meijer M, Seifert KA. (2017) A survey of xerophilic Aspergillus from indoor environment, including descriptions of two new section Aspergillus species producing eurotium-like sexual states. MycoKeys 19:1–30. 10.3897/mycokeys.19.11161
Wingfield BD, Ambler JM, Coetzee MPA, De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Joubert F, Hammerbacher A, McTaggart AR, Naidoo K, Nguyen HDT, Ponomareva E, Santana QS, Seifert KA, Steenkamp ET, Trollip C, Van der Nest MA, Visagie CM, Wilken PM, Wingfield MJ, Yilmaz N. (2016) IMA Genome-F 6: Draft genome sequences of Armillaria fuscipes, Ceratocystiopsis minuta, Ceratocystis adiposa, Endoconidiophora laricicola, E. polonica and Penicillium freii DAOMC 242723. IMA Fungus 7(1):217-227. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.01.11 PDF
Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Dijksterhuis J, Seifert KA, Jacobs K, Samson RA. (2016) A taxonomic review of Penicillium species producing conidiophores with solitary phialides, classified in section Torulomyces. Persoonia 36:134-155. 10.3767/003158516X690952
Abarenkov K, Adams RI, Laszlo I, Agan A, Ambrosio E, Antonelli A, Bahram M, Bengtsson-Palme J, Bok G, Cangren P, Coimbra V, Coleine C, Gustafsson C, He J, Hofmann T, Kristiansson E, Larsson E, Larsson T, Liu Y, Martinsson S, Meyer W, Panova M, Pombubpa N, Ritter C, Ryberg M, Svantesson S, Scharn R, Svensson O, Töpel M, Unterseher M, Visagie CM, Wurzbacher C, Taylor AFS, Kõljalg U, Schriml L, Nilsson RHH. (2016) Annotating public fungal ITS sequences from the built environment according to the MIxS-Built Environment standard – a report from a May 23-24, 2016 workshop (Gothenburg, Sweden). MycoKeys 16:1-15. 10.3897/mycokeys.16.10000
Yilmaz N, Visagie CM, Frisvad JC, Houbraken J, Kacobs K, Samson RA. (2016) Taxonomic re-evaluation of species in Talaromyces section Islandici, using a polyphasic approach. Persoonia 36:37-56. 10.3767/003158516X688270
Visagie CM, Seifert KA, Houbraken J, Samson RA, Jacobs K. (2016) A phylogenetic revision of Penicillium sect. Exilicaulis, including nine new species from fynbos in South Africa. IMA Fungus 7:75-117. 10.5598/imafungus.2016.07.01.06
Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Seifert KA, Samson RA, Jacobs K. (2015) Four new Penicillium species isolated from the fynbos biome in South Africa, including a multigene phylogeny of section Lanata-Divaricata. Mycological Progress 14:96. 10.1007/s11557-015-1118-z
Visagie CM, Yilmaz N, Frisvad JC, Houbraken J, Seifert KA, Samson RA, Jacobs K. (2015) Five new Talaromyces species with ampulliform-like phialides and globose rough walled conidia resembling T. verruculosus. Mycoscience 56:486-502. 10.1016/j.myc.2015.02.005
Schoch CL, Robbertse B, Robert V, Duong V, Cardinali G, Irinyi L, Meyer W, Nilsson RH, Hughes K, Miller AN, Kirk PM, Abarenkov K, Aime MC, Ariyawansa HA, Bidartondo M, Boekhout T, Buyck B, Cai Q, Chen LJ, Crespo A, Crous PW, Damm U, De Beer ZW, Dentinger BTM, Divakar PK, Dueñas M, Feau N, Fliegerova K, García MA, Griffith GW, Groenewald JZ, Groenewald M, Gryzenhout M, Guo L, Hambleton S, Hamelin R, Hansen K, Hofstetter V, Houbraken J, Hyde K, Johnston PR, Karunarathna SC, Kõljalg U, Kovács GM, Kraichak E, Krizsan K, Larssen K-H, Leavitt S, Letcher PM, Liimatainen K, Liu J-K, Lodge JD, Luangsa-ard JJ, Lumbsch HT, Maharachchikumbura SSN, Manamgoda D, Martín MP, Minnis A, Mulè G, Nakasone KK, Niskanen T, Olariaga I, Papp T, Petkovits T, Pino-Bodas R, Powell MJ, Raja HA, Redecker D, Seifert KA, Shrestha B, Stenroos S, Stielow B, Suh S-O, Tanaka K, Tedersoo L, Telleria MT, Udayanga D, Untereiner WA, Uribeondo JD, Vágvölgyi C, Visagie CM, Walker DM, Weir BS, Weiß M, Wen-Ying Z, Wijayawardene NN, Wingfield MJ, et al.. (2014) Finding needles in haystacks: linking scientific names, reference specimens and molecular data for Fungi. Database 2014:1-22. 10.1093/database/bau061 PDF
Houbraken J, Visagie CM, Meijer M, Frisvad JC, Busby PE, Pitt JI, Seifert KA, Louis-Seize G, Demirel R, Yilmaz N, Jacobs K, Christensen M, Samson RA. (2014) A taxonomic and phylogenetic revision of Penicillium section Aspergilloides. Studies in Mycology 78:373-451. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.09.002
Visagie CM, Varga J, Houbraken J, Meijer M, Kocsubé S, Yilmaz N, Fotedar R, Seifert KA, Frisvad JC, Samson RA. (2014) Ochratoxin production and taxonomy of the yellow aspergilli (Aspergillus section Circumdati). Studies in Mycology 78:1-61. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.07.001
Samson RA, Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Hong SB, Hubka V, Klaassen CH, Perrone G, Seifert KA, Susca A, Tanney JB, Varga J, Kocsube S, Szigeti G, Yaguchi T, Frisvad JC. (2014) Phylogeny, identification and nomenclature of the genus Aspergillus. Studies in Mycology 78:141-173. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.07.004
Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Frisvad, Hong SB, Klaassen CHW, Perrone G, Seifert KA, Varga J, Yaguchi T, Samson RA. (2014) Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium. Studies in Mycology 78:343-371. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.09.001
Visagie CM, Hirooka Y, Tanney JB, Whitfield E, Mwange K, Meijer M, Amend AS, Seifert KA, Samson RA. (2014) Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces isolated from house dust samples collected around the world. Studies in Mycology 78:63-139. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.07.002
Wyatt TT, Van Leeuwen MR, Golovina EA, Hoekstra FA, Kuenstner EJ, Palumbo EA, Snyder NL, Visagie CM, Verkennis A, Hallsworth JE, Wösten HAB, Dijksterhuis J. (2014) Functionality and prevalence of trehalose-based oligosaccharides as novel compatible solutes in ascospores of Neosartorya fischeri( Aspergillus fischeri) and other fungi. Environmental Microbiology 17:395-411. 10.1111/1462-2920.12558
Visagie CM, Seifert KA, Houbraken J, Samson RA, Jacobs K. (2014) Diversity of Penicillium section Citrina within the fynbos biome of South Africa, including a new species from a Protea repens infructescence. Mycologia 106:537-552. 10.3852/13-256
Yilmaz N, Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Frisvad JC, Samson RA. (2014) Polyphasic taxonomy of the genus Talaromyces. Studies in Mycology 78:175-341. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.08.001
Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Rodriques C, Silva-Pereira C, Dijksterhuis J, Seifert KA, Jacobs K, Samson RA. (2013) Five new Penicillium species in section Sclerotiora: a tribute to the Dutch Royal family. Persoonia 31:42-62. 10.3767/003158513X667410
Visagie CM, Jacobs K. (2012) Three new additions to the genus Talaromyces isolated from Atlantis sandveld fynbos soils. Persoonia 28:14-24. 10.3767/003158512X632455
Yilmaz N, Houbraken J, Hoekstra ES, Frisvad JC, Visagie CM, Samson RA. (2012) Delimitation and characterisation of Talaromyces purpurogenus and related species. Persoonia 29:39-54. 10.3767/003158512X659500
Seifert KA, Frisvad JC, Houbraken J, Llimona X, Peterson SW, Samson RA, Visagie CM. (2012) Proposal to conserve the name Talaromyces over Lasioderma (Ascomycota). Taxon 61:461-462.
Visagie CM, Llimona X, Vila J, Louis-Seize G, Seifert KA. (2012) Phylogenetic relationships and the newly discovered sexual state of Talaromyces flavovirens, comb. nov. Mycotaxon 122:399-411. 10.5248/122.399
Van der Walt L, Spotts R, Visagie CM, Jacobs K, Smit FJ, McLeod A. (2010) Penicillium species Associated with Preharvest Wet Core Rot in South Africa and Their Pathogenicity on Apple. Plant Disease 94:666-675. 10.1094/PDIS-94-6-0666
Visagie CM, Roets F, Jacobs K. (2009) A new species of Penicillium, P. ramulosum sp. nov., from the natural environment. Mycologia 101:888-895. 10.3852/08-149