Spondyliaspis cf. plicatuloides
Sap sucking

Purpling of the leaf blade, on the opposite side of the lerp.

Clusters of dark brown shell-like structures (lerps) that are scalloped.

Not much is known about the genus Spondyliaspis as it has been little studied in its native range and South Africa is the first country where it has been reported outside its native range.

As with many of the Australian psyllids, the nymphs of S. cf. plicatuloides create a lerp or shell-like structure that they feed and develop under (Hollis 2004). At the end of their development, nymphs leave the protection of the lerp and become adults. Adults lay eggs in clusters on the leaf surface.

2014 (Bush et al. 2016)
Gauteng,KwaZulu-Natal,Limpopo,Mpumalanga,North West,Western Cape


Spondyliaspis adult
Adult Spondyliaspis cf. plicatuloides
Spondyliaspis nymph
Spondyliaspis cf. plicatuloides nymph
Spondyliaspis symptoms
Spondyliaspis eggs
Egg cluster of Spondyliaspis cf. plicatuloides
Spondyliaspis lerps
Lerps of Spondyliaspis cf. plicatuloides