The genus Ceratocystis accommodates many important fungi, including serious plant pathogens, significant insect symbionts and agents of timber degradation that result in substantial economic losses. Since the description of Ceratocystis in 1890, the taxonomy of genus has been confused and vigorously debated. For a long time the genus was confused with Ophiostoma (Ophiostomatales), but the genera were clearly separated during the past decade based on DNA sequence data. That part of the history has been well documented in a book on the ophiostomatoid fungi, published in 2013. However, DNA sequence data also revealed that Ceratocystis (Microascales) includes a wide diversity of fungi, that superficially look similar, but behave completely different, some being serious tree pathogens and others not. In this new paper by a team of five FABIans, published in the high impact journal, Studies in Mycology (Impact Factor 9.296), DNA-sequence data for three gene regions (60S, LSU, MCM7) were generated for 79 species. Phylogenetic analyses of the data made it possible to definitively separate what was to date considered to be Ceratocystis, in seven newly defined genera. This major revision of the generic boundaries in the Ceratocystidaceae will form the taxonomic foundation for all future research on this group of fungi. A complete, colour-coded list of the old versus new species names for this group is available here.

De Beer ZW, Duong TA, Barnes I, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ. (2014) Redefining Ceratocystis and allied genera. Studies in Mycology 78: 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.10.001

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Human ZR, Crous CJ, Roets F, Venter SN, Wingfield MJ, de Beer ZW. (2017) Biodiversity and ecology of flower-associated actinomycetes in different flowering stages of Protea repens. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 10.1007/s10482-017-0942-3
Wingfield BD. (2017) The peer review system has flaws. But it’s still a barrier to bad science. The Conversation http://bit.ly/2holsgS
McTaggart AR, Beasley DR, Wingfield MJ, Wood AR, Pretorius ZA, Drenth A, Shivas RG, Roux J. (2017) A dynamic, web-based resource to identify rust fungi (Pucciniales) in southern Africa. MycoKeys 26:77-83. 10.3897/mycokeys.26.14602
De Maayer P, Aliyu H, Vikram S, Blom J, Duffy B, Cowan DA, Smits THM, Venter SN, Coutinho TA. (2017) Phylogenomic, pan-genomic, pathogenomic and evolutionary genomic insights into the agronomically relevant enterobacteria Pantoea ananatis and Pantoea stewartii. Frontiers in Microbiology 8(1755) 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01755
Jami F, Wingfield MJ, Gryzenhout M, Slippers B. (2017) Diversity of tree-infecting Botryosphaeriales on native and non-native trees in South Africa and Namibia. Australasian Plant Pathology 10.1007/s13313-017-0516-x