FABI-12a.jpg


Researcher & Curator of the FABI fungal culture collection

Department

FABI
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Research Profiles

My Files

I serve as a curator to the FABI fungal culture collection (CMW) that house more than 49 000 isolates. Most of the isolates originate from plant material, insects or soil, and are related to aspects of tree health. The isolates come from all over the world and are maintained under permit with restricted access.The collection is closed to the public, and used only for academic research. Approximately 1 500 new isolates are annually incorporated into the collection.

I was introduced to microfungi in 1988 as a fourth-year student during a Forest Pathology course. I have since pursued my career as a mycologist, specialising in fungal taxonomy. I have worked with various taxonomic groups of microscopic ascomycetes, the majority of which are tree and plant pathogens, soil fungi, insect-mediated fungi or litter fungi (saprophytes). Although I use both morphology and DNA sequencing to address taxonomic questions, my research benefits from a largely classical approach. I am currently involved in several projects investigating the taxonomic status of important tree pathogens in amongst others, the Microascales and Ophiostomatales.

 

The fynbos is a shrubland characterised by a fire-prone ecosystem and Mediterranean climate. Although it is extremely rich in plant species, and has a high degree of floral endemism, very little is known regarding the fungi in this unique and fascinating environment. This book contains the result of investigation of the saprobic microfungi that colonise and utilise leaf and twig litter and senescent flowerheads of Protea species in this environment. A total of 141 fungal species residing in 103 genera and 43 families were identified. Of these, 59 species represented novel taxa, thirty-eight species reflected new records for South Africa, and 48 species were new reports on Proteaceae. Biodiversity analysis revealed the species richness for the fynbos Mycota was moderately high with 2.2 collections representing a different fungal species. The percentage of new fungal taxa (43 % of the total species) was exceptionally high, and most of these probably host-specific. More than 80 % of the fungi collected in this study had hard and closed fruiting structures, indicating an adaptation to the constraints of the harsh fynbos environment. Other than providing a foundation for further studies, this investigation highlights a disturbing paucity of knowledge regarding the fynbos Mycota in one of the worlds most threatened and unusual floral Kingdoms.

The reviews appeared in Fungal DiversityInoculumPersoonia.

 


Export to RIS
Marincowitz S, Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Wingfield MJ. 2008. Microfungi occurring on Proteaceae in the fynbos. CBS Fungal Biodiversity Centre: Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Export to RIS
Book Chapters
Jacobs K, Dames J, Steenkamp E, De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Gryzenhout M, Marais G, Coetzee J, Rong I, A. J, Victor J, Hamer M. 2013. Chapter 5. Fungi. In: A Biosystematics Research Strategy for the Algae, Animals, Bacteria and Archaea, Fungi and Plants of South Africa 2013–2018. Victor JE, Hamer M, Smith GF. (eds). SANBI Biodiversity Series 23, Pretoria, South Africa, pp 23-29. PDF
Export to RIS
Publication
Marin-Felix Y, Groenewald JZ, Cai L, Chen Q, Marincowitz S, Barnes I, Bensch K, Braun U, Camporesi E, Damm U, De Beer ZW, Dissanayake A, Edwards J, Giraldo A, Hernández-Restrepo M, Hyde KD, Jayawardena RS, Lombard L, Luangsa-ard J, McTaggart AR, Rossman AY, Sandoval-Denis M, Shen M, Shivas RG, Tan YP, van der Linde EJ, Wingfield MJ, Wood AR, Zhang JQ, Zhang Y, Crous PW. (2017) Genera of phytopathogenic fungi: GOPHY 1. Studies in Mycology 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.04.002
Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Heiniger U, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ, De Beer ZW. (2017) A new Leptographium species from the roots of declining Pinus sylvestris in Switzerland. Forest Pathology 10.1111/efp.12346
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Burgess TI, Hardy GESJ, Crane C, Barrett S, Cano-Lira JF, Le Roux JJ, Thangavel R, Guarro J, Stchigel AM, Martín MP, Alfredo DS, Barber PA, Barreto RW, Baseia IG, Cano-Canals J, Cheewangkoon R, Ferreira RJ, Gené J, Lechat C, Moreno G, Roets F, Shivas RG, Sousa JO, Tan YP, Wiederhold NP, Abell SE, Accioly T, Albizu JL, Alves JL, Antoniolli ZI, Aplin N, Araújo J, Arzanlou M, Bezerra JDP, Bouchara J-P, Carlavilla JR, Castillo A, Castroagudín VL, Ceresini PC, Claridge GF, Coelho G, Coimbra VRM, Costa LA, Da Cunha KC, Da Silva SS, Daniel R, De Beer ZW, Dueñas M, Edwards J, Enwistle P, Fiuza PO, Fournier J, García D, Gibertoni TB, Giraud S, Guevara-Suarez M, Gusmão LFP, Haituk S, Heykoop M, Hirooka Y, Hofmann TA, Houbraken J, Hughes DP, Kautmanová I, Koppel O, Koukol O, Larsson E, Latha KPD, Lee DH, Lisboa DO, Lisboa WS, López-Villalba Á, Maciel JLN, Manimohan P, Manjón JL, Marincowitz S, Marney TS, Meijer M, Miller AN, Olariaga I, Paiva LM, Piepenbring M, Poveda-Molero JC, Raj KNA, Raja HA, Rougeron A, Salcedo I, Samadi R, Santos TAB, Scarlett K, Seifert KA, Shuttleworth LA, Silva GA, Silva M, Siqueira JPZ, Souza-Motta CM, Stephenson SL, Sutton DA, Tamakeaw N, Telleria MT, Valenzuela-Lopez N, Viljoen A, Visagie CM, Vizzini A, Wartchow F, Wingfield BD, Yurchenko E, Zamora JC, Groenewald JZ. (2016) Fungal Planet description sheets: 469–557. Persoonia 37:218-403. 10.3767/003158516x694499
De Beer ZW, Marincowitz S, Duong TA, Kim JJ, Rodrigues A, Wingfield MJ. (2016) Hawksworthiomyces gen. nov. (Ophiostomatales), illustrates the urgency for a decision on how to name novel taxa known only from environmental nucleic acid sequences (ENAS). Fungal Biology 120(11):1323-1340. 10.1016/j.funbio.2016.07.004
Greyling I, Wingfield MJ, Coetzee MP, Marincowitz S, Roux J. (2016) The Eucalyptus shoot and leaf pathogen Teratosphaeria destructans recorded in South Africa. Southern Forests 78(2):123-129. 10.2989/20702620.2015.1136504
Hernández-Restrepo M, Schumacher RK, Wingfield MJ, Ahmad I, Cai L, Duong TA, Edwards J, Gené J, Groenewald JZ, Jabeen S, Khalid AN, Lombard L, Madrid H, Marin-Felix Y, Marincowitz S, Miller AN, Rajeshkumar K-C, Rashid A, Sarwar S, Stchigel AM, Taylor PWJ, Zhou N, Crous PW. (2016) Fungal Systematics and Evolution: FUSE 2. Sydowia 68:193-230. PDF
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Le Roux JJ, Richardson DM, Strasberg D, Shivas RG, Alvarado P, Edwards J, Moreno G, Sharma R, Sonawane M.S., Tan YP, Altés A, Barasubiye T, Barnes CW, Blanchette RA, Boertmann D, Bogo A, Carlavilla JR, Cheewangkoon R, Daniel R, de Beer ZW, de Jesús Yáñez-Morales M, Duong TA, Fernández-Vicente J, Geering ADW, Guest DI, Held BW, Heykoop M, Hubka V, Ismail AM, Kajale SC, Khemmuk W, Kolařík M, Kurli R, Lebeuf R, Lévesque CA, Lombard L, Magista D, Manjón JL, Marincowitz S, et al. (2015) Fungal Planet description sheets: 371–399. Persoonia 35:264-327. 10.3767/003158515X690269 PDF
Marincowitz S, Coetzee MPA, Wilken PM, Wingfield BD, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Phylogenetic placement of Itajahya: An unusual Jacaranda fungal associate. IMA Fungus 6(2):257-262. 10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.02.01 PDF
Coetzee MPA, Marincowitz S, Muthelo VG, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Ganoderma species, including new taxa associated with root rot of the iconic Jacaranda mimosifolia in Pretoria, South Africa. IMA Fungus 6(1):249-256. 10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.01.16 PDF
Marincowitz S, Duong TA, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ. (2015) Cornuvesica: A little known mycophilic genus with a unique biology and unexpected new species. Fungal Biology 119:615-630. 10.1016/j.funbio.2015.03.007 PDF
Herron DA, Wingfield MJ, Wingfield BD, Rodas CA, Marincowitz S, Steenkamp ET. (2015) Novel taxa in the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex from Pinus spp.. Studies in Mycology 80:131-150. 10.1016/j.simyco.2014.12.001 PDF
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Schumacher RK, Summerell BA, Giraldo A, Gené J, Guarro J, Wanasinghe DN, Hyde KD, Camporesi E, Gareth Jones EB, Thambugala KM, Malysheva EF, Malysheva VF, Acharya K, Álvarez J, Alvarado P, Assefa A, Barnes CW, Bartlety JS, Blanchette RA, Burgess TI, Carlavilla JR, Coetzee MPA, Damm U, Decock CA, Den Breeÿen A, De Vries B, Dutta AK, Holdom DG, Rooney-Latham S, Manjón JL, Marincowitz S, et al.. (2014) Fungal Planet description sheets: 281–319. Persoonia 33:212-289. 10.3767/003158514X685680 PDF
Crous PW, Shivas RG, Quaedvlieg W, Van der Bank M, Zhang Y, Summerell BA, Guarro J, Wingfield MJ, Wood AR, Alfenas AC, Braun U, Cano-Lira JF, García D, Marin-Felix Y, Alvarado P, Andrade JP, Armengol J, Assefa A, Breeÿen AD, Camele I, Cheewangkoon R, Souza JTD, Duong TA, Esteve-Raventós F, Fournier J, Frisullo S, García-Jiménez J, Gardiennet A, Gené J, Hernández-Restrepo M, Hirooka Y, Hospenthal DR, King A, Lechat C, Lombard L, Mang SM, Marbach PAS, Marincowitz S, Marin-Felix Y, Montaño-Mata NJ, Moreno G, Perez CA, Sierra AMP, Robertson JL, Roux J, et al. (2014) Fungal Planet description sheets: 214–280. Persoonia 32:184-306. 10.3767/003158514X682395 PDF
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Guarro J, Cheewangkoon R, van der Bank M, Swart WJ, Stchigel AM, Cano-Lira JF, Roux J, Madrid H, Damm U, Wood AR, Shuttleworth LA, Hodges CS, Munster M, de Jesús Yáñez-Morales M, Zúñiga-Estrada L, Cruywagen EM, de Hoog GS, Silvera C, Najafzadeh J, Davison EM, Davison PJN, Barrett MD, Barrett RL, Manamgoda DS, Minnis AM, Kleczewski NM, Luke Flory S, Castlebury LA, Clay K, Hyde KD, Maússe-Sitoe SND, Chen S, Lechat C, Hairaud M, Lesage-Meessen L, Pawłowska J, Wilk M, Śliwińska-Wyrzychowska A, Mętrak M, Wrzosek M, Pavlic-Zupanc D, Maleme HM, Slippers B, MacCormack WP, Archuvy DI, Grünwald NJ, Teresa Tellería M, Dueñas M, Martín MP, Marincowitz S, de Beer ZW, et al. (2013) Fungal Planet description sheets: 154–213. Persoonia 31:188-295. 10.3767/003158513X675925 PDF
Crous PW, Summerell BA, Swart L, Denman S, Taylor JE, Bezuidenhout CM, Palm ME, Marincowitz S, Groenewald JZ. (2011) Fungal pathogens of Proteaceae. Persoonia 27:20-45.
Marincowitz S, Gryzenhout M, Wingfield MJ. (2010) New and rare coelomycetes with appendage-bearing conidia from Pondoland, South Africa. Mycotaxon 111:309-322. 10.5248/111.309 PDF
Boehm EWA, Mugambi GK, Miller AN, Huhndorff SM, Marincowitz S, Spatafora JW, Schoch CL. (2009) A phylogenetic reappraisal of the Hysteriaceae, Mytilinidiaceae and Gloniaceae (Pleosporomycetidae, Dothideomycetes) with keys to world species. Studies in Mycology 64(1):49-833.
Marincowitz S, Groenewald JZ, Wingfield MJ, Crous PW. (2008) Species of Botryosphaeriaceae occurring on Proteaceae. Persoonia: Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi 21:111-118. 10.3767/003158508X372387 PDF
Marincowitz S, Barr ME. (2007) Rhynchomeliola quercina, a new rostrate ascomycete from oak trees in western Canada. Mycotaxon 101:173-178. PDF
Hyde KD, Bussaban B, Paulus B, Crous PW, Lee S, McKenzie EHC, Photita W, Lumyong S. (2007) Diversity of saprobic microfungi. Biodiversity and Conservation 7:7-35. PDF
Crous PW, Rong IH, Wood A, Lee S, Glen H, Botha W, Slippers B, De Beer ZW, Wingfield MJ, Hawksworth DL. (2006) How many species of fungi are there at the tip of Africa?. Studies in Mycology 55:13-33. 10.3114/sim.55.1.13 PDF
Lee S, Crous PW, Wingfield MJ. (2006) Pestalotioid fungi from Restionaceae in the Cape Floral Kingdom. Studies in Mycology 55:175-187. 10.3114/sim.55.1.175 PDF
Lee S, Roets F, Crous PW. (2005) Protea infructescences represent a unique fungal niche. Fungal Diversity 19:69-78. PDF
Lee S, Mel’nik V, Taylor JE, Crous PW. (2004) Diversity of saprobic hyphomycetes on Proteaceae and Restionaceae from South Africa. Fungal Diversity 17:91-114. PDF
Lee S, Groenewald JZ, Crous PW. (2004) Phylogenetic reassessment of the coelomycete genus Harknessia and its teleomorph Wuestneia (Diaporthales), and the introduction of Apoharknessia gen. nov. Studies in Mycology 50:235-252.
Mel'nik V, Lee S, Groenewald JZE, Crous PW. (2004) New hyphomycetes from Restionaceae in fynbos: Parasarcopodium ceratocaryi gen. et sp. nov., and Rhexodenticula elegiae sp. nov. Mycological Progress 3(1):19-28. PDF
Lee S, Hong S-B, Kim C-Y. (2003) Contribution to the checklist of soil-inhabiting fungi in Korea. Mycobiology 31(1):9-18. PDF
Lee S, Crous PW. (2003) New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa. Mycological research 107(3):360-370. PDF
Lee S, Crous PW. (2003) Taxonomy and biodiversity of hysteriaceous ascomycetes in fynbos. South African journal of botany 69(4):480-488. PDF
Lee S, Crous PW. (2003) A new species of Helicogermslita. SYDOWIA 55:109-114. PDF
Lee S, Crous PW. (2003) New coelomycetes occurring on Restionaceae. Sydowia 55:115-128.
Lee S, Groenewald JZE, Taylor JE, Roets F, Crous PW. (2003) Rhynchostomatoid fungi occurring on Proteaceae. Mycologia 95(5):902-910. PDF
Lee S, Park W-C, Kim K-H. (2002) A Note on Nitschkia confertula. Mycobiology 30(3):180-182. PDF
Nam S-H, Lee S, Cho S-Y. (2002) Nomenclatural studies on Paecilomyces tenuipes in Korea. Korean Journal of Sericultural Science 44:28-31.
Lee S. (2001) Descriptive reports on some soil-inhabiting fungi in Korea. Mycobiology 29(2):90-95.
Taylor JE, Lee S, Crous PW. (2001) Biodiversity in the Cape Floral Kingdom: fungi occurring on Proteaceae. Mycological Research 105:1480-1484. PDF
Lee S, Kim J-S, Hong S-B. (2000) Analysis of soil mycoflora in Phytophthora infested and non-infested fields. Journal of Korean Society of Soil Science & Fertilizer 33:121-126. PDF
Lee S, Nam S-H. (2000) A mycoparasitic ascomycte, Syspastospora parasitica, on the entomopathogenic fungus Paecilomyces teiupes growing in Bombyx mori. Mycobiology 28:130-132.
Lee S, Go S-J. (2000) A polyphialidic hyphomycete Gonytrichum macrocladum new to Korea from the arable soil of Jinju-shi. Mycobiology 28:127-129. PDF
Lee SJ. (2000) A Mycoparasitic Ascomycete Syspastospora parasitica on the Entomopathogenic Fungus Paecilomyces tenuipes Growing in Bombyx mori. Mycobiology 28(3):130-132.
Lee SJ. (2000) A Polyphialidic Hyphomycete Gonytrichum macrocladum New to Korea from the Arable Soil in Jinju-shi. Mycobiology 28(3):127-129.
Kim J-S, Kwon S-W, Lee S, Jung B-G, Song J-K, Go S-J, Ryu J-C. (1999) Analysis of bacterial community structure in the soil and root system of red pepper and tomato I. Journal of Korean Society of Soil Science and Fertilizer 32:319-325. PDF
Lee S, Hanlin RT. (1999) Phylogenetic relationships of Chaetomium and similar genera based on ribosomal DNA sequences. Mycologia 91:434-442. PDF
Lee S, Go S-J, Ryu J-C. (1998) Molecular monitoring of soil-inhabiting Chaetomium and Fusarium. RDA Journal of Agricultural Science (97' Post Doc) 40:1-6. PDF
Lee S, Ryu J-C, Go S-J. (1998) New report on Sordarialean fungi in Korea. Kor. J. Mycol 26(3):293-301. PDF
Lee SJ, Go SJ, Ryu JC. (1998) Molecular monitoring of soil-inhabiting Chaetomium and Fusarium. RDA Journal of Agricultural Science ('97 Post Doc.) 40:1-6.
Yates IE, Maxey D, Lee S, Sparks D, Reily CC. (1996) Developing the pecan scab fungus on susceptible and resistant host and nonhost leaves. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 121:350-357.